Hydrogen-rich water affects antioxidant activity and gut flora in soccer playersScientific ResearchDOI: 10.4103
Published on: 08/12/2018
Effects of the long-term consumption of hydrogen-rich water on the antioxidant activity and the gut flora in female juvenile soccer players from Suzhou, China
AbstractDuring training and competition, a lot of physical exertion inevitably leads to fatigue. A growing body of experimental evidence confirms the link between free radical production and scavenging, fatigue and physical damage. Recently, hydrogen has been identified as a new selective antioxidant with potentially beneficial applications in exercise. This study investigated the effects of drinking hydrogen-rich water for 2 months on the gut microbiota of Suzhou youth football players. Drinking hydrogen-rich water for two months significantly reduced serum malondialdehyde, interleukin 1, interleukin 6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha as demonstrated by ELISA and 16S rDNA sequence analysis of stool samples levels of serum superoxide dismutase, total antioxidant capacity, and whole blood hemoglobin levels were then significantly increased. Furthermore, drinking hydrogen-rich water improved the diversity and abundance of the athlete’s gut microbiota. All study metrics in the control group, including Shannon, Sobs, Ace, and Chao indices, were higher than those suggested before the experiment due to hydrogen-rich water consumption, but these metrics were reversed and higher than those in the control group. Control after 2 months of intervention. Before the study, however, there were some differences in the gut microbiota composition of the two groups, while the gut microbiota composition did not change significantly during the experiment. Therefore, drinking hydrogen-enriched water for two months may exert a modulating effect on the gut microbiota of athletes based on its selective antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The research protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Suzhou Sports School (approval number: SSS-EC150903).
Effects of long-term drinking of hydrogen-rich water on routine indicators of adolescent female football players
After 4 weeks, the HGB of the control group decreased from 134.3±12.95 g/l to 124.00±17.75 g/l, while the HGB of the hydrogen-rich water treatment group decreased from 138.74±9.38 g/l to 129.59±8.57 g/l. After 8 weeks, the HGB of the control group increased from 124.00 ± 17.75 g/L to 131.6 ± 25.31 g/L, while the HGB of the hydrogen-rich water treatment group increased from 129.59 ± 8.57 g/L to 139.89 ± 7.02 g/L (Fig. 2A). The increasing trend and magnitude of HGB were more significant in the hydrogen-rich water treatment group (P=0.032).
Blood urea nitrogen
After 4 weeks, the BUN level of the control group increased from 4.73 ± 0.88 to 4.83 ± 0.81 mM, while that of the hydrogen-rich water treatment group increased from 5.19 ± 0.85 to 5.17 ± 1.03 mM. After 8 weeks, BUN levels continued to increase in the control group, from 4.83 ± 0.81 to 5.29 ± 0.97 mM, while in the hydrogen-rich water-treated group, from 5.17 ± 1.03 to 4.42 ± 0.95 mM (Figure 2B). There was a more significant difference between the two groups (P = 0.887).
After 4 weeks, CK in the control group increased from 157.3 ± 17.37 to 171.3 ± 31.96 IU, while that in the hydrogen-rich water treatment group increased from 149.3 ± 30.43 to 135.85 ± 24.44 IU (Fig. 2C). After 8 weeks, CK decreased from 171.3 ± 31.96 to 129.7 ± 30.05 IU in the control group and from 135.85 ± 24.44 to 119.85 ± 29.93 IU in the hydrogen-rich water treatment group (P = 0.061).
Compared to HGB and BUN, CK is more sensitive to changes in training load. These results suggest that treatment with hydrogen-rich water has some effect on increasing HGB levels in athletes’ whole blood.
Effects of long-term drinking of hydrogen-rich water on oxidation reaction indexes of adolescent female football players
After 4 weeks, serum MDA in the control group decreased from 24.77±7.32 to 16.67±4.19 μM, while the latter decreased from 22.39±6.20 to 13.80±3.33 μM in the hydrogen-rich water treatment group. After 8 weeks, the serum MDA in the control group changed from 16.67±4.19 to 15.79±3.07 μM, and the hydrogen-rich water treatment group changed from 13.80±3.33 to 12.69±1.94 μM, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P = 0.000, Figure 3A ). ).