Effect of H2-based denture cleaner on denture material and Candida biofilmScientific Research

original title: Efficacy of newly developed denture cleaning device on physical properties of denture material and Candida biofilm


Young Song, Sung Lee

DOI: 10.1016/j.jds.2019.01.011



Background/purpose: Electrolyzed water has antimicrobial activity against oral microbes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a denture cleaning device that uses electrolyzed water on Candida biofilm on denture base-material and the physical properties of the denture material.

Materials and methods: Denture base-resin disks were prepared with Polymethyl methacrylate. After the formation of Candida albicans biofilm on the resin disks, the antimicrobial activity of the denture cleaning device and the chemical cleanser against C. albicans biofilm was compared. The resin disks were also treated with the cleaning device and the chemical cleanser for 150 days, and the physical properties were analyzed by an atomic force microscope, Vickers hardness tester, and colorimeter.

Results: The denture cleaning device and the chemical cleanser reduced the levels of C. albicans biofilm on the denture resin. Upon immersing of the resin disks for 150 days, the electrolyzed water of the denture cleaning device did not significantly change the surface roughness of the specimens, but significantly reduced its Vickers hardness compared to the initial value. The color changes of the resin disk were 0.477 ± 0.076, 0.612 ± 0.095 and 0.562 ± 0.096 after treating with tap water, the chemical cleanser, and the denture cleaning device, respectively.

Conclusion: The denture cleaning device may be suitable for use by the elderly to clean dentures without side effects caused by the misuse of chemical cleanser.