H2 alleviates Staphylococcus aureus mastitisScientific Research

original title: Hydrogen helps to ameliorate Staphylococcus aureus-induced mastitis in mice


Na Geng, Xin Gao, Xiaozhou Wang, Shuai Cui, Jinjin Wang, Yongxia Liu, Wei Chen, Jianzhu Liu

DOI: 10.1016/j.intimp.2022.108940



Many studies have shown that hydrogen has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects. Because of its ability to quickly pass through cell membranes, hydrogen has become a hot spot in the research of inflammatory diseases. Vitamin E glycerin (VEG) and hydrogen-rich Vitamin E glycerin (HR-VEG) were prepared, aiming to explore their anti-inflammatory activities in mice mastitis induced by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). In the early part of this study, the prepared vitamin E medium (VEM) and hydrogen-rich vitamin E medium (HR-VEM) were added to mammary epithelial cells infected with S. aureus. HR-VEM was found to be more effective in reducing the phosphorylation of p65 and p38 and in reducing the production of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) than VEM. Whereafter, the mice model of mastitis was established by injecting S. aureus from the mammary duct. Then VEG and HR-VEG were applied to the mammary gland for seven consecutive days. After that, the clinical symptoms, histopathology, bacterial load, inflammatory factors, as well as the related pathway were analyzed. The results showed that HR-VEG can more significantly alleviate the damage of mammary tissue than VEG, and reduce the production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), IL-1β and interleukin 6 (IL-6). In addition, HR-VEG inhibited the TLR2 and Nod2 signaling pathways and reduced the phosphorylation level of MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathways in S. aureus-induced murine mastitis. This study indicates that hydrogen helps to ameliorate S. aureus-induced mastitis in mice through attenuating TLR2 and Nod2 mediated NF-κB and MAPK activation.