H2 Gas and Renal Ischemia Reperfusion InjuryScientific Research

original title: Hydrogen Gas Does Not Ameliorate Renal Ischemia Reperfusion Injury in a Preclinical Model


Sarah A Hosgood, Tom Moore, Maria Qurashi, Tom Adams, Michael L Nicholson

DOI: 10.1111/aor.13118



In renal transplantation, ischemia reperfusion injury impairs early graft function and can reduce long term graft survival. Hydrogen has antioxidant and anti‐inflammatory properties that can reduce the effects of ischemic injury. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of hydrogen gas administered during reperfusion in a preclinical model of kidney ischemia reperfusion injury. Porcine kidneys underwent 15 min of warm ischemia followed by 22 h of cold ischemia. They were then reperfused for 6 h with whole autologous blood on an ex vivo reperfusion circuit. Paired kidneys were randomized to control (n = 6) (25% oxygen, 5% carbon dioxide, 70% nitrogen) or hydrogen (n = 6) (2% hydrogen, 25% oxygen, 5% carbon dioxide, 68% nitrogen) groups. Tissue, urine, and blood samples were collected at baseline and hourly throughout the reperfusion period. Baseline measurements were similar across groups. Following perfusion, there was no significant difference between control and hydrogen groups in urine output (693 mL vs. 608 mL, P = 0.86), renal blood flow (105.9 vs. 108 mL/min/100g, P = 0.89), acid‐base homeostasis, or creatinine clearance. There was a significant increase in cytokine levels from baseline to 6 h in both groups (IL‐1β P = 0.002; IL‐6 P = 0.004; IL‐8 P = 0.002). However, there were no significant differences in levels of inflammatory cytokines (IL1β, IL‐6, and IL‐8) between the groups. The administration of hydrogen gas did not improve renal function, reduce oxidative damage, or inflammation during the reperfusion of ischemically damaged kidneys.