H2-Infused Electrolysed Water for Biofilm ControlScientific Research

original title: The Efficacy of an Electrolysed Water Formulation on Biofilms


Anne Salisbury, Steven L Percival

DOI: 10.1007/5584_2018_207



Electrolysed water is a basic process whereby an electric current is passed through deionised water containing a low concentration of sodium chloride in an electrolysis chamber, which results in a more complex chemistry resulting in the production of a strong bactericidal and fungicidal solution at the anode. This microbicidal solution contains hypochlorous acid that is fast-acting and environmentally safe, as upon bacterial killing, the equilibrium shifts from hypochlorous acid back to salt and water. Other antimicrobial agents produced in this process include sodium hypochlorite and chlorine. The use of electrolysed water formulations in wound care to control wound bioburden is underway. However, there is limited evidence of the efficacy of electrolysed water on the control of biofilms, which are renowned for their tolerance to a variety of antimicrobials. Therefore this study aimed to assess a new electrolysed water formulation on in vitro Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Results showed that the electrolysed water formulation effectively reduced biofilm in all models following a 15 min contact time. Microbial cell counts confirmed the reduction biofilm bacteria. Additional cytotoxicity using L929 fibroblasts confirmed that a 50% and 25% dilution of the electrolysed water formulation was non-cytotoxic to cells. In conclusion, this study has confirmed that the application of a new electrolysed water product effectively removed biofilm after a short exposure time. The use of this technology as a wound cleanser may help to control existing biofilms in complicated, non-healing wounds.