H2 Injection Modulates Inflammation Post Axonal InjuryScientific Research

original title: Changes of immuno-inflammatory responses by intraperitoneal injection of hydrogen after diffuse axonal injury in rats


Xu Ma, Jin Song, Yong Zhao, Bin Zhang, Dan Li, Zun Liu, Jun Zhao, Ya Zhao

DOI: 10.7652/jdyxb201501004



To explore the role of immuno-inflammatory reaction in diffuse axonal injury (DAI) and the therapeutic action of hydrogen in DAI model. Methods Totally 96 adult male SD rats were divided into 8 groups (n=12 in each): normal group, sham group, DAI groups (6h, 1d and 3d) and DAI with hydrogen treatment groups(6h, 1d and 3d). Rat DAI model was induced by an experimental facility developed to make the rat head spin 90 degrees at the moment to cause shearing injury. Hydrogen gas of high purity was injected intraperitoneally to DAI rat models twice per day (10mL/kg). The histo-morphology, GFAP immunofluorescent staining, Western blotting (IL-6, IL-1, JNK and p-JNK) in parietal cortex were investigated at 6h, 1d and 3d after DAI. Results DAI-related changes such as axon swelling and axonal ball were found in the conjunction area between DAI-affected parietal cortex and corpus callosum compared with those in sham group. The number of GFAP-positive cells as well as IL-6, IL-1, JNK and p-JNK expressions were significantly increased after DAI (P<0.05, P<0.01). Hydrogen treatment could reverse the changes mentioned above. Conclusion Immuno-inflammatory reaction is involved in DAI pathophysiological process in acute phase. The release of large numbers of inflammatory factors and activation of astrocytes may lead to the deterioration of brain damage. Hydrogen can improve acute brain injury of DAI by reducing immuno-inflammatory reaction.