H2 Nanoreactor for Tissue InflammationScientific Research
original title: In Situ Nanoreactor for Photosynthesizing H 2 Gas To Mitigate Oxidative Stress in Tissue InflammationDOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b07492
Hydrogen (H2) gas can reduce cytotoxic reactive oxygen spe-cies (ROS) that are produced in inflamed tissues. Inspired by natural photosynthesis, this work proposes a multicomponent nanoreactor (NR) that comprises chlorophyll a, L-ascorbic acid, and gold nanoparticles that are encapsulated in a liposomal (Lip) system that can produce H2 gas in situ upon photon absorption to mitigate inflammatory responses. Unlike a bulk system that contains free reacting molecules, this Lip NR system provides an optimal reaction environment, facilitating rapid activation of the photosynthesis of H2 gas, locally providing a high therapeu-tic concentration thereof. The photo-driven NR system reduces the degrees of overproduction of ROS and pro-inflammatory cytokines both in vitro in RAW264.7 cells and in vivo in mice with paw inflammation that is induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Histological examinations of tissue sections confirm the ability of the NR system to reduce LPS-induced inflammation. Experimental results indicate that the Lip NR system that can photosynthesize H2 gas has great potential for mitigating oxida-tive stress in tissue inflammation.