H2-Rich Saline Alleviates Lung Injury from Limb IschemiaScientific Research

original title: Hydrogen-Rich Saline Attenuates Acute Lung Injury Induced by Limb Ischemia/Reperfusion via Down-Regulating Chemerin and NLRP3 In Rats


Run Zou, Mao Wang, Ye Chen, xin Fan, Bo Yang, Juan Du, Xiao Wang, Ke Liu, Jun Zhou

DOI: 10.1097/SHK.0000000000001194



Limb ischemia/reperfusion (LI/R) injury is associated with high morbidity and mortality. The hypothesis of this study is that hydrogen-rich solution could attenuateacute lung injury and improve mortality via chemerin and NLRP3 after LI/R in rats. A rat model of LI/R was performed by clamping the bilateral femoral arteries for 3 h followed by reperfusion. HRS was administered intraperitoneally (10 mL/kg or 2.5 mL/kg) when the atraumatic micro clips were released. The rats were euthanized at 2 h after reperfusion and then the arterial blood and lung specimens were harvested for further analyses. Meanwhile, survival rate was observed. The results showed that HRS improved the survival rate and attenuated pulmonary edema, injury and apoptosis. HRS also decreased the levels of tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α, interleukin(IL)-6, myeloperoxidase (MPO) and malondialdehyde (MDA), and increased the activity of superoxide dismutase(SOD) in serum and lung after the LI/R event. HRS downregulated the expression of chemerin and NLRP3 in lung. The study demonstrated that chemerin and NLRP3 could serve as important response factors those were involved in the lung injury following LI/R. HRS could significantly attenuate LI/R-mediated acute lung injury, at least in part, by inhibiting the activated chemerin/NLRP3 signaling pathway.