H2 therapy improves myocardial injury after cardiac arrestScientific Research

original title: Hydrogen therapy after resuscitation improves myocardial injury involving inhibition of autophagy in an asphyxial rat model of cardiac arrest


Xiaohui Gong, Xinhui Fan, Xinxin Yin, Tonghui Xu, Jiaxin Li, Jialin Guo, Xiangkai Zhao, Shujian Wei, Qiuhuan Yuan, Jiali Wang, Xuchen Han, Yuguo Chen

DOI: 10.3892/etm.2022.11302



Hydrogen (H2) therapy is a therapeutic strategy using molecular H2. Due to its ability to regulate cell homeostasis, H2 therapy has exhibited marked therapeutic effects on a number of oxidative stress-associated diseases. The present study investigated the effectiveness of H2 therapy in protecting against myocardial injury in a rat model of asphyxial cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Rats underwent 10-min asphyxia-induced cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and were randomly divided into control and H2 therapy groups. After resuscitation, the H2 therapy group was administered room air mixed with 2% H2 gas for respiration. During CA/CPR, the arterial pressure and heart rate were measured every minute. Survival rate, cardiac function, myocardial injury biomarkers creatine kinase-MB and cardiac troponin-T, and histopathological changes were evaluated to determine the protective effects of H2 therapy in CA/CPR. Immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis were used to determine the expression levels of autophagy-associated proteins. In vitro, H9C2 cells were subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation and H2-rich medium was used in H2 treatment groups. Western blotting and immunofluorescence were used to observe the expression levels of autophagy-associated proteins. Moreover, an adenovirus-monomeric red fluorescent protein-green fluorescent protein-LC3 construct was used to explore the dynamics of autophagy in the H9C2 cells. The results showed that H2 therapy significantly improved post-resuscitation survival and cardiac function. H2 therapy also improved mitochondrial mass and decreased autophagosome numbers in cardiomyocytes after resuscitation. The treatment inhibited autophagy activation, with lower expression levels of autophagy-associated proteins and decreased autophagosome formation in vivo and vitro. In conclusion, H2 gas inhalation after return of spontaneous circulation improved cardiac function via the inhibition of autophagy.