H2 therapy improves myocardial injury after cardiac arrestScientific Research
original title: Hydrogen therapy after resuscitation improves myocardial injury involving inhibition of autophagy in an asphyxial rat model of cardiac arrestDOI: 10.3892/etm.2022.11302
Hydrogen (H2) therapy is a therapeutic strategy using molecular H2. Due to its ability to regulate cell homeostasis, H2 therapy has exhibited marked therapeutic effects on a number of oxidative stress-associated diseases. The present study investigated the effectiveness of H2 therapy in protecting against myocardial injury in a rat model of asphyxial cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Rats underwent 10-min asphyxia-induced cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and were randomly divided into control and H2 therapy groups. After resuscitation, the H2 therapy group was administered room air mixed with 2% H2 gas for respiration. During CA/CPR, the arterial pressure and heart rate were measured every minute. Survival rate, cardiac function, myocardial injury biomarkers creatine kinase-MB and cardiac troponin-T, and histopathological changes were evaluated to determine the protective effects of H2 therapy in CA/CPR. Immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis were used to determine the expression levels of autophagy-associated proteins. In vitro, H9C2 cells were subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation and H2-rich medium was used in H2 treatment groups. Western blotting and immunofluorescence were used to observe the expression levels of autophagy-associated proteins. Moreover, an adenovirus-monomeric red fluorescent protein-green fluorescent protein-LC3 construct was used to explore the dynamics of autophagy in the H9C2 cells. The results showed that H2 therapy significantly improved post-resuscitation survival and cardiac function. H2 therapy also improved mitochondrial mass and decreased autophagosome numbers in cardiomyocytes after resuscitation. The treatment inhibited autophagy activation, with lower expression levels of autophagy-associated proteins and decreased autophagosome formation in vivo and vitro. In conclusion, H2 gas inhalation after return of spontaneous circulation improved cardiac function via the inhibition of autophagy.