Hydrogen-Pt Nanocolloid Induces Carcinostatic EffectsScientific Research

original title: Transient generation of hydrogen peroxide is responsible for carcinostatic effects of hydrogen combined with platinum nanocolloid, together with increases intracellular ROS, DNA cleavages, and proportion of G2/M-phase


Yasukazu Saitoh, M Ikeshima, N Kawasaki, A Matsumoto, Nobuhiko Miwa

DOI: 10.3109/10715762.2015.1131823



In our previous study, we demonstrated that combined treatment with hydrogen (H2) and platinum nanocolloid (Pt-nc) exerted markedly antiproliferative effects on cancer cells compared with each treatment alone. However, because the related mechanisms remain unclear, we investigated carcinostatic mechanisms of the combined treatment with H2 + Pt-nc. Significant suppression of cell proliferation was confirmed at 52 h following combined treatment, and the similar effect was also observed by the 30- or 40-min transient treatment with H2 + Pt-nc. The transient treatments led to changes in cell size and morphology, loss of microvilli, and apoptosis-like cell death at 120 h after treatment. Moreover, transient combined treatment with H2 + Pt-nc induced cell cycle arrest, as reflected by decreased proportions of G1-phase cells and accumulation of G2/M-phase cells. In contrast, intracellular peroxide levels were temporarily and significantly increased immediately after H2 + Pt-nc treatment but not after treatment with H2 or Pt-nc alone. Additionally, combined treatment-induced carcinostatic effects were significantly diminished in the presence of catalase, and marked hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) generation was confirmed after mixing Pt-nc into cell culture media containing a high concentration of H2. These changes are in agreement with the results that carcinostatic effects were induced after only 40 min of treatment with H2 + Pt-nc. Thus, transient and marked generation of H2O2 is responsible for the carcinostatic effects of combined treatment with H2 + Pt-nc.