Hydrogen-rich medium protects against LPS-induced injury in human periodontal ligament cellsScientific Research

original title: Protective effects of hydrogen-rich medium on lipopolysaccharides-induced injury in human periodontal ligament cells


Min Zhou, Zuo Wang

DOI: 10.7518/hxkq.2018.02.002



Objective: In this study, lipopolysaccharides (LPS) was used to damage human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) and consequently investigate the protective effects of hydrogen on reducing oxidative stress and cell apoptosis rate.

Methods: hPDLCs were isolated, and then cultured with normal medium+1 μg·mL⁻¹ LPS or with hydrogen-rich medium+ 1 μg·mL⁻¹ LPS. Cell proliferation activity was assessed using a cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) release was also detected. The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), and the level of malonaldehyde (MDA) in supernatants were also measured. Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry at 24 h after LPS stimulation.

Results: CCK-8 results showed that hydrogen could significantly improve hPDLCs growth and decrease cell apoptosis under LPS stimulation (P<0.05). However, no significant difference in LDH release was found between the two groups. The CAT levels significantly increased at 6 and 12 h in the hydrogen-rich medium as compared with the normal medium group (P<0.05, P<0.01, respectively). However, SOD levels were not significant different at each time point. At 6 h after LPS stimulation, the MDA levels in the cell supernatant of hydrogen-rich medium group were significantly reduced as compared with those in the normal medium group (P<0.05). Conclusions: The hydrogen-rich medium can effectively improve hPDLCs proliferation activity and antioxidant capacity and reduce apoptosis and oxidative stress under LPS stimulation.