Hydrogen-rich saline reduces hepatic apoptosis in laparoscopic hepatectomyScientific Research
original title: Effect of hydrogen-rich saline on apoptosis induced by hepatic ischemia reperfusion upon laparoscopic hepatectomy in miniature pigsDOI: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2018.07.005
Hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury (HIRI) occurs commonly in liver surgery and liver transplantation. Hydrogen, a safe and effective antioxidant, exerts a protective effect against liver injury. In this study, we investigated the role of hydrogen-rich saline (HRS) in apoptosis in a miniature pig model of laparoscopic HIRI upon hepatectomy. Bama miniature pigs were randomly assigned to sham, I/R and HRS groups. The pigs received 10 mL/kg HRS by portal venous injection 10 min before reperfusion and at 1 d, 2 d, and 3 d after surgery. The results showed that HRS treatment significantly decreased serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and total bilirubin (TBIL) activity and TUNEL-positive cells. Upon HRS treatment, the expression of P53 and Bax mRNA and protein by RT-qPCR and Western blot was markedly decreased, whereas the expression of bcl-2 mRNA and protein was significantly increased. Moreover, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 activities were significantly decreased upon treatment with HRS. In conclusion, the results indicate that HRS could alleviate liver injury and improve liver function via inhibiting apoptosis after laparoscopic HIRI and hepatectomy injury in miniature pigs.