Comparative study on H2-rich saline and stem cells for hepatic injuryScientific Research
original title: Comparative study on protective effect of hydrogen rich saline and adipose-derived stem cells on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion and hepatectomy injury in swineDOI: 10.1016/j.biopha.2019.109453
Aim: To compare and evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of liver parenchyma injection of ADSCs and portal vein injection of HRS in laparoscopic hepatic ischemia reperfusion combined with hepatectomy injury in miniature pigs.
Methods: Eighteen miniature pigs were randomly assigned to IRI group, HRS group and ADSCs group. HRS was injected through the portal vein 10 min before reperfusion, 1 d, 2 d, and 3 d after surgery. ADSCs were injected into liver parenchyma after hepatectomy. The serum and liver tissue samples were collected at different time points (preoperative, and postoperative at 1 d, 3 d and 7 d).
Results: Compared with the IRI group, both ADSCs and HRS groups can promote liver function recovery, reduce oxidative stress, reduce inflammation, and promote liver regeneration. Compared with HRS, ALT and TBIL in ADSCs group were significantly decreased at 3 d, and AST was significantly reduced at 1 d. The activities of SOD and GSH-Px in ADSCs group were significantly higher than that in HRS group, but the MDA level in HRS group was markedly lower than that in ADSCs group at 1 d. IL-1β was significantly lower in the ADSCs group than in the HRS group at 1 day after operation. The expressions of HGF and PCNA were significantly higher than that in the HRS group at 3 day after surgery.
Conclusion: Our study has demonstrated that HRS and ADSCs have significant hepatoprotective effects in miniature pigs after HIRI and hepatectomy injury. However, liver parenchyma injection of ADSCs is more beneficial to the recovery of liver function than portal vein injection of HRS.