H2-rich saline prevents apoptosis in ratsScientific Research

original title: Hydrogen-rich saline protects rat from oxygen glucose deprivation and reperusion-induced apoptosis through VDAC1 via Bcl-2


Xiao Mo, Xiang Li, Chang She, Xiao Lu, Cheng Xiao, Shi Wang, Guo Huang

DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2018.09.037



Background: Hydrogen is received as an inert gas that thought to be non-functional in vivo previously. Recently, emerging evidences showed that in ischemia/reperfusion (IR) condition, hydrogen reduced cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and ameliorated cell apoptosis. However, the underlying mechanism of hydrogen on IR-induced apoptosis remains elusive. Here we tried to unravel the mode of action of hydrogen with rat adrenal medulla cell line PC-12 in vitro.

Methods: The mitochondrial functions before and after oxygen glucose deprivation and reperfusion (OGD/RP) were determined with corresponding dyes. The expression of Bcl-2, Bax, VDAC1, cytochrome c and caspase 9 was detected using qRT-PCR and Western Blotting method. Then Bcl-2 inhibitor, AB-199, was applied to investigate the role of Bcl-2 in OGD/RP-induced cell apoptosis. Finally, we manipulated the expression of VDAC1 with plasmids transfection to understand the effects of VDAC1 on Bcl-2-mediated anti-apoptosis in OGD/RP.

Results: In this study, we demonstrated that hydrogen-rich saline (HRS) reduced OGD/RP-mediated neuronal loss by stimulating the expression of Bcl-2, which suppressed the activity of VDAC1. Consequently, HRS maintained the mitochondrial functions, restrained the release of cytochrome c and caspase 9 activation, resulting in ameliorated cell viability. Conclusions: HRS ameliorated OGD/RP-induced PC-12 cell apoptosis and provided a novel treatment option for ischemia.